This law received Royal Assent on January 23, 2020, nine days before the United Kingdom`s withdrawal from the European Union. The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which the UK will remain in the Single Market to ensure smooth trade until a long-term relationship is agreed. If no agreement is reached by that date, the UK will leave the single market on 1 January 2021 without a trade agreement. A non-binding political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UK is closely linked to the Withdrawal Agreement. The Withdrawal Agreement entered into force on 1 February 2020, after being approved on 17 October 2019. It consists, inter alia, of a protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland. The Withdrawal Agreement also contains provisions allowing the United Kingdom to let the United Kingdom link the Statute of the European Schools to the United Kingdom by the Convention and the accompanying rules for accredited European Schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. until the end of the 2020-2021 spring semester.  6.General implementation of the relevant EEA-EFTA and Switzerland agreements The 2019 revisions also adapted elements of the Political Declaration by replacing the word “adequate” with “adequate” with regard to labour standards. According to Sam Lowe, Trade Fellow at the Centre for European Reform, the change excludes labour standards from dispute resolution mechanisms.  In addition, the level playing field mechanism has moved from the legally binding Withdrawal Agreement to the Political Declaration and the line in the Political Declaration that “the UK will consider aligning itself with EU legislation in relevant areas” has been deleted.  The inclusion of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes.
The Declaration on the Future Relationship between the European Union and the United Kingdom, also known as the Political Declaration, is a non-binding declaration negotiated and signed in conjunction with the binding and broader Withdrawal Agreement in the context of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union (EU), colloquially known as Brexit, and the planned end of the transition period. 30.Certain dispute settlement procedures under the Withdrawal Agreement The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially an agreement on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community, is a treaty between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK) signed on 24 January 2020 —  laying down the conditions for the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU and EURATOM. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the Withdrawal Agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and to appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. The agreement covers issues such as money, civil rights, border regulations and dispute settlement. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the remaining 27 EU countries and the British government of Prime Minister Theresa May, but met with resistance in the British Parliament, whose approval was required for ratification. The consent of the European Parliament would also have been required.
On 15 January 2019, the House of Commons rejected the Withdrawal Agreement by 432 votes to 202.  The House of Commons again rejected the agreement on March 12, 2019 by 391 votes to 242 and rejected it a third time on March 29, 2019 by 344 votes to 286. On October 22, 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government took the first step in Parliament, but Johnson suspended the legislative process when the accelerated approval program failed to find the necessary support, announcing his intention to call a general election.  On the 23rd. In January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the Withdrawal Agreement Act; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament gave its consent to the Withdrawal Agreement. It was then finalised by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. 7.Insert after Article 78 — Guarantees under the EU Withdrawal Agreement. The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised Withdrawal Agreement and the Political Declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. The agreement also provides for a transitional period, which lasts until 31 December 2020 and can be extended once by mutual agreement.
During the transition period, EU law will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the Single Market and the Customs Union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adjust to the new situation and give THE UK and EU governments time to negotiate a new EU-UK trade deal.   The new Political Declaration sets the framework for the future relationship between the EU and the UK and reflects the government`s desire to establish an ambitious, broad, deep and flexible partnership in trade and economic cooperation with the EU, with a free trade agreement with the EU at its core; in addition to agreements on security and other areas of cooperation. The British Parliament approved the draft agreement at the time by passing the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020 on 23 January 2020. Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom published and deposited the British Instrument of Ratification of the Agreement on 29 January 2020.   The agreement was adopted by the Council of the European Union on 30 October. January 2020 after consent by the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, and on that date the Withdrawal Agreement under Article 185 entered into force. Described by The Independent as the government “yielding” to Conservative rebels, the bill as originally conceived would have allowed MPs to review each agreement “line by line” and make changes.  Conservative MP Steve Baker, who wrote for the Times, claimed that the new bill “gives any deal we make with the EU a fair reputation in British law” and that it is compatible with the referendum result by “giving more control over how we are governed in the British Parliament”.  The Withdrawal Agreement, which has 599 pages, covers the following main areas Out of 1.
In October 2020, as a first step in an infringement procedure, the European Commission sent a letter of formal notice to the UK government stating that the UK`s Internal Market Act would be “in total contradiction” with the Northern Ireland Protocol if adopted as is.  On January 21, 2020, the House of Lords passed the bill after approving five amendments. .